Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 8-14
Level of Obesity and Socioeconomic Factors of a Group of Adult People of Bangladesh: A Factor Analysis Approach
Bhuyan Keshab Chandra, Department of Statistics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Fardus Jannatul, Department of Mathematics, American International University- Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Dec. 5, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 21, 2019;       Published: Apr. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajdmkd.20190401.12      View  80      Downloads  20
Abstract
The present study was based on data collected from 900 respondents of both urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. Among them 44.3 percent were overweight and obese. Majority (70.6%) were diabetic patients. With the increase in age significant increase in prevalence rate of obesity was observed. Higher prevalence rate was also observed among housewives. An upward shift of prevalence rate was observed among the higher educated respondents. Overweight and obesity were more among urban residents compared to rural residents and they were thirty two percent more exposed to overweight and obesity. Higher prevalence of obesity was noted among females. The proportion of overweight and obese was higher among them who did not do any physical labor. According to factor weights it was noted that the important factors for variation in the level of obesity were mainly gender variation followed by occupation, education and type of work.
Keywords
Obesity Among Adult People, Socioeconomic Factors, Level of Obesity, Odd Ratio, Factor Analysis
To cite this article
Bhuyan Keshab Chandra, Fardus Jannatul, Level of Obesity and Socioeconomic Factors of a Group of Adult People of Bangladesh: A Factor Analysis Approach, American Journal of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 8-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajdmkd.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Dhurandhar, N. V. (2001): Contribution of pathogene in human obesity. Drug News & Perspectives, 7(5), 307-313.
[2]
Berg, C; Rosengren, A.; Aires, N; et al (2005): Trends in overweight and obesity from 1985 to 2002 in Goteborg, west Sweden. International Journal of Obesity, 29 (8), 916 – 924.
[3]
Skliros, E. A.; Merkoures. P; Sotiropoulos, A, et al (2008):. The relationship between body mass index and hypertension in elderly Greeks; the Nemea Primary Care Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 56(5), 954-955.
[4]
WHO fact sheet at http// www.who.int/nwes – room/ factsheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight, dated February 2018.
[5]
Bertino, G; Ardiri, A. M.; Ali, F. T. et al (2006): Obesity and related diseases: an epidemiologic study in eastern Sicily, Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol, 52(4), 379-385.
[6]
Calamusa, G; Amodio, E; Costantino, C; Pasquale, M. D, et al (2012): Body mass index and factors associated with overweight and obesity: a cross-sectional study of adult subjects living in a small city of Western Sicily (Italy), IJPH, Vol 9, (3), e7539-1 – e7539- 8.
[7]
Prasad, S. B; Fahrtash, F; Malaiapan, Y, et al (2009): Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in patients with acute myocardial infraction; International Journal of Cardiology, 144(3), 450-451.
[8]
Redon, J;Cifkova, R; Laurent, S et al (2008): The metabolic syndrome in in hypertension: European Society of hypertension position statement, Journal of Hypertension 26(10), 1891-1900.
[9]
Basen-Engquist, K; Chang, M. (2011): Obesity and cancer risk: recent review and evidence, Curr Oncol Rep., 13(1), 71-76.
[10]
Pulgaron, E. R. (2013): Child obesity: a review of increased risk for physical and psychological combordities, Clin. Ther, 35(1), 18-32.
[11]
Sinha, R, Fisch, G., Teague, B., Tamborlane W. V., Banyas, B, Allen, K., Savoye, M., Rieger, V., Taksali, S., Barbetta, G., Sherwin, R. S., and Caprio, S. (2002): Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance among children and adolescents with marked obesity, N. Engl. J. Med., 346, 802-810.
[12]
Weiss, R., Dzuria, J., Burgert, T. S., et al (2014): Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents, N Engl. J. Med, 350, 2362-2374.
[13]
WHO, The challenge of obesity in the WHO European region and the strategies for response, Edited by Branca, F, Nikogosion, H; Lobstein, T, Copenhagen, WHO, 2007.
[14]
Farzana, F. and Bhuyan, K. C. (2017): Identification of factors responsible for obesity in children and adolescents of some affluent families, Biomed J Sci & Tech, DOI:10.26717/BJSTR.2018.10.002017.
[15]
K. C. Bhuyan: Multivariate Analysis and its Applications, New Central Book Agency(p) Ltd., 2004.
[16]
Fardus, J and Bhuyan, K. C. (2016): Discriminating diabetic patients of some urban and rural areas of Bangladesh: A discriminant analysis approach, EMBJ, 11(19), 134-140.
[17]
Mokdad, A, H,; Ford, E. S.; Bowman, B. A. et al (2001): Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity related health factors; JAMA, 289, 76-79.
[18]
Paymane Adab, Miranda Pullon (2018): Images of measurement of obesity, BMJ, 36o. doi: https/doi,org/10.1136/method bmj.k.1274.
[19]
Yutaka, T.(1983): Some criteria for variable selection in factor analysis, Behaviormetrika, 13, 31 – 45.
[20]
Akter S, Rahaman MM, Sarah Krull Abe, Sultana S. Prevalence of diabetes and their risk factors among Bangladeshi adults: a nationwide survey. WHO, 2014, 92, 204-213 A.
[21]
Bhuyan, K. C.; Mortuza, A, and Fardus, J (2018): Discriminating patients suffering from non-communicable diseases: A case study among Bangladeshi adults, Biomed J Sci & Tech, DOI:10.26717/BJSTR.2018.10.001898.
[22]
Kritika Jain: Value of communality, Amity Business School, 2018.
[23]
Sudeep S. Silent killer, economic opportunity: Rethinking non-communicable disease, Centre on Global Health Security, 2012, World Bank.
[24]
Bhuyan, K. C.; Md. Mortuza, A and Fardus, J9 20170: Socioeconomic factors associated with overweight and obesity: A case study among adult people of Bangladesh, AJSE, 16(2), 119 – 124.
[25]
Hoque, M. E.; Suhail, A. R. Doli; Munim, M; Kurt, Long(2014): and Louis, W. N.; Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents of the Indian subcontinent: A meta analysis approach, Nutrition Review, 77(8), 542-550.
Browse journals by subject